The first step of mold removal is not as you might think, mold testing but is instead,mold removal. There are certain signs in your house that can indicate the presence of a mold infestation such as a damp, musty smell, or excessive moisture. Both of these signs are usually followed by the growth of a layer of mold.
A mold remediation company is the first step you should take as they will bring in the necessary equipment to check if you have a mold problem or something else. Once they decide what the issue is, they may recommend you to call in a mold testing company which will collect samples to test for what type of mold you have so as to assess the best way to get rid of it.
It is advisable for you to get two companies- one to clean up the mold and one to check after the clean-up is done so that there is no scope for bias. This way, you can be completely satisfied that the work done was proper and there are no remnants of the mold infestation. In the US, it is mandated to employ different companies in most states.
Another precaution you must take when employing a company to deal with mold is ensuring that the company is properly licensed and certified by the state that it is functioning in. The point of this step is to make sure that you are given the best value for money service possible. It also ensures that the company continues to maintain a high standard of work quality. Once your house has been cleaned up, the company should give you a Certification of Mold Remediation that states that the house is clean from all infestation.
Before any work is started, make sure to sit down with the remediation company and clear any and all doubts that you may have regarding the process. The representatives from the company should properly explain the entire protocol to you. In general, the process will involve removing all material that has been affected by the mold. Following the removal of the material, the airborne mold spores will be removed using a HEPA vacuum. Lastly, the contaminated area will be cleaned using different sanitizers. During the entire cleaning process, it is necessary that the infested area is sealed in negative air pressure so that the airborne spores do not spread to other parts of the house. This could cause further problems in terms of cleaning the rest of the house as well as affecting the health of individuals residing inside it.
Because a major cause of mold growth is moisture, de-humidifiers will be used during the cleaning process to remove this moisture. Once all parts of the sanitization process are complete, the HEPA vacuum will be used on the entire area within the containment to remove any lingering mold spores. An expert will then take samples of the air as well as different surfaces to check for contamination. In case anything is found, the process will be repeated again.