Who first delivered vehicles to the Ottoman Empire and when remains a thriller. Takvim-i Vekayi, the reliable newspaper of the duration, featured an article on a steam vehicle for the first time in 1832. The phrase “zatü’lhareke” vehicle, that is a changed model of its Latin equivalent, became used to consult automobiles in the beginning. However, “automobile vehicle” and secondly “vehicle” have been used within the later years.
In 1861, entrepreneurs named Lamore and Garaçino formally implemented to the Ottoman government to deliver a steam car to the empire, but to no end result.
Although steam motors could not be delivered to the Ottoman capital, electric automobiles arrived in Istanbul at an early date, as Sultan Abdülhamid II turned into carefully looking at trends in Europe.
The first time Abdülhamid II had the concept of bringing an electrically powered vehicle to Istanbul was in 1888. Engineer Magazine reserved a bankruptcy dedicated to this electric powered car, which became prepared in England, and an image of its engineers changed into additionally featured.
Abdülhamid II’s pastimes in electric powered vehicles persevered for years. Ottoman ambassador to Paris Yusuf Ziya sent Peugeot catalogs, that is a nonetheless the maximum vital vehicle maker in France, alongside Panhard and Levassor to Yıldız Palace in 1895.
In his report from March 1889, Salih Münir, some other Ottoman ambassador to Paris, noted that he had ordered one small and one large electric-powered vehicles on behalf of the sultan.
Gasoline-powered cars in early twentieth century
The first call for gasoline-powered automobiles within the Ottoman Empire changed into made in 1903 for Lesbos, and then the capital city of the empire, Istanbul, followed this Aegean island the same yr. A street turned into planned was between Kartal and Yakacık, but, the Ottoman cabinet refused the whole call for the operation of gas-powered vehicles for Lesbos, Balıkesir-Bandırma, and Kartal-Yakacık.
Although it becomes now not officially permitted to operate a gas-powered automobile in Istanbul, they started out to seem in Istanbul beginning in 1904. That yr, a European man named “Şaa
nfeld” implemented for a gasoline engine-pushed automobile to be brought to Istanbul on behalf of Germany’s Gödel Company, which he changed into a consultant of.
There had been different packages, as well, and the Ottoman government, first of all, hesitated on the way to reply to those applications about fuel automobiles because, inside the policies that got here into pressure previously, it becomes prohibited to bring electrically-powered gear into the united states, and there was no law on legal guidelines concerning fuel gadget.
Therefore, there was the excessive correspondence between the exclusive departments earlier than responding to gas vehicle packages, but the packages were now not answered clearly. Applicants both expanded their pestering to get a response as quickly as possible and also began to threaten to go to the court.
The situation changed into treated significantly with the aid of the Ottoman management after the French Embassy intervened, and it becomes determined that those cars have to be again when you consider that Istanbul’s roads were no longer suitable for the use of such gas-powered automobiles. With this choice, gas-powered cars have been additionally banned from getting into Istanbul.
Romanian prince comes with dispensation
In the Ottoman capital, the use of both electric and fuel automobiles was prohibited except for cars added for Abdülhamid II. However, Bisko, a Romanian prince, became allowed to carry his automobile to Istanbul in 1905 while he asked for permission to head from Istanbul to Europe with his vehicle.
Robert Jefferson entered Ottoman territory through Sofia after crossing thru Serbia and Bulgaria. In order to keep away from any Ottoman limitations, the British Embassy submitted a reliable application. After the desired permission becomes given, letters have been despatched to Edirne province, the Çatalca governor, the Gendarmerie Ministry and the municipality to prevent any intervention to Jefferson.
Administrators were additionally ordered to be cautious approximately Jefferson, to closely comply with him and to file immediately in case of an extraordinary situation.
Jefferson exceeded through Çatalca on Nov. 4, 1905, but he did not forestall there. He changed into so fast that it becomes not feasible to stop him. Then the Çatalca governor knowledgeable the Interior Ministry inside the following letter from Nov. Five, 1905, “Two foreigners prompt for Istanbul by car from Büyükçekmece at 10 a.M. Yesterday, but it changed into not feasible to forestall them to ask their identities as they were very fast.”
Jefferson checked into the Pera Palas Hotel in Beyoğlu after getting into Istanbul from Büyükçekmece.
Articles on automobiles inside the Ottoman press
In 1906, the Ottoman press started out to characteristic news approximately the automobiles that had step by step began to go into day by day lifestyles. For example, Monsieur Glide’s world tour together with his car turned into written approximately in “Travel with Automobiles” in the Sabah each day on Jan. 6, 1906.
In this experience, the articles “Burglary with the aid of Automobile ” on Oct. 12, 1906, “Automobile Accident” on Nov. 25, 1906, “Journey to Poles with Automobile” on Nov. 29, 1906, and “Automobile Race” on Dec. Three, 1906, elevated interest in cars in Ottoman society, as they said the traits in Europe and the U.S., and this hobby become confident with the motors that began to be visible at the streets of Istanbul within the equal years.
Ottoman newspapers began to encompass exciting articles on motors, as properly. An article titled “Girl Abduction by way of Automobile” posted on Feb.Thirteen, 1906, stated, “Abducting women with the aid of automobiles has ended up elegant in Europe in recent times. Many women have now eloped with their lovers in France, stepping into automobiles.”